Choosing the Right Hoist for Your Application

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Which Hoist to Choose

When selecting the equipment for your organization, it’s important to take into consideration just under what conditions you intend to use this system. Hoists can be found in manufacturing plants, repair facilities, in refineries, out in the field, and in many different environments. Furthermore, their functions vary from application to application.

It seems that with as many possible ways hoists can be used, there are just as many (or maybe even more) models of hoists. With all of those products on the market, choosing the right hoist for your company could prove to be overwhelming.

What Is a Hoist?

Simply put, a hoist is a machine that may be powered by hand, electric motors, or air pressure which are used to lift and lower heavy loads. They can be attached to overhead material handling systems such as bridge cranes, monorails, and jib cranes with a variety of different attachment points such as clamps, trolleys, or hoist rings by a top hook or lug.

When selecting a hoist, it’s important to note the following parameters:

  • Load size and weight
  • Headroom and obstacles
  • Lift height
  • Location of the operator and the type of operation required
  • Frequency of use
  • Accuracy of load placement
  • Power requirements

Chain Hoists

You may consider chain hoists when you are looking for true vertical lift, in dusty or dirty environments, when portability and modularity are important, and when budget is a consideration.

When should you choose a hand or lever chain hoist?

Hand or lever chain hoists are ideal for applications when slower lifting speeds and greater accuracy of load placement are required. Usually, these are a good choice for lower capacity applications. Because there are options for hand-chain and lever operation, a chain hoist may be the right choice for applications where there is no electrical power required. You might find these types in the following industries:

  • Machine shops
  • Mining
  • Farming
  • Construction
  • Marine

When should you choose an electric chain hoist?

Electric chain hoists are used when, again, accuracy is important, but efficiency is key. Unlike hand chain hoists, the chain is often kept in a chain container, and the unit is operated by a remote control or pendant control station. You might find these types of hoists used in:

  • Applications with a high duty cycle
  • Machine shops
  • Production environments
  • Heavy equipment
  • Applications requiring variable speed controls

When should you choose an air hoist?

Air hoists are chain hoists which are used for faster, longer, more frequent lifting duty cycles and are ideal for heavy usage where electric hoists are impractical. They require an air compressor and are often found in automotive plants. In addition to areas with high duty cycles (particularly in H4 environments), you’ll find these used where you will see an electric chain hoist and in hazardous applications as well.

When should you choose a wire rope hoist?

A wire rope hoist is often used for higher capacity applications. They are powered by electrical motors and utilize a drum system for spooling the wire rope. You’ll find these hoists used in many of the same environments and industries as the electric chain hoists, but in places requiring more power and speed as well as a smoother lift.

Other Equipment Considerations

The other equipment which may influence your choice include the type of crane or structure from which you will mount your hoist, the trolley or clamp system used, OSHA and ANSI regulations, and

Watch a Video from CM Hoists

We are a master distributor of CMCO brands including CM, Yale, Shaw-Box, Budgit, and Coffing. The fine people at CMCO developed the following video to help make the buying decision easier.

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